Equipment Requirements for Duck Hunting

Duck hunters are permitted to use shotguns no greater than 12 gauge.

Hunters must use or have in their possession only non-toxic shot when hunting ducks. This includes duck hunting on all wetlands, waterways, and drylands on public and private land.

Hunters are exempt from using non-toxic shot if they are using a muzzle-loading, Damascus steel, or twist-barrelled shotgun. However, duck hunters may have toxic shot (e.g. lead shot) on a State Game Reserve or any other area where they intend to hunt duck, provided it is secured in a vehicle.

For toxic shot to be secured in a vehicle, the ammunition must be stored in a closed case or container and stowed in the boot or storage area (not in the glove box) of a sedan, dual cab, or wagon. For a single cab or ute, the ammunition must be stored in a closed case or container and stowed in a part of the vehicle not readily accessible by any occupant of the vehicle.

Hunters may use lead shot while hunting Stubble Quail on the 16 State Game Reserves where Stubble Quail hunting is permitted.

The following non-toxic shot types are permitted for duck hunting in Victoria.

  • Bismuth-tin
  • Iron (steel)
  • Iron-tungsten
  • Iron-tungsten-nickel
  • Tungsten-bronze
  • Tungsten-iron-copper-nickel
  • Tungsten-matrix
  • Tungsten-polymer
  • Tungsten-tin-iron
  • Tungsten-tin-bismuth
  • Tungsten-tin-iron-nickel
  • Tungsten-iron-polymer

Refer to Schedule 7 of the Wildlife (Game) Regulations 2012 for further details about the percentage composition by weight for each metal.