Laws

Land management laws

There are many laws that relate to land management in Victoria.  This section details some of the laws that are most relevant to hunting in Victoria including the Conservation, Forests and Lands Act 1987National Parks Act 1975Crown Land (Reserves) Act 1978 and the Land Act 1958.

+ Expand all- Collapse all

The purposes of the Conservation, Forests and Lands Act 1987 are—

(a) to create a body corporate called the Director-General of Conservation, Forests and Lands, to define its powers and to transfer to it the functions of the Forests Commission, the Soil Conservation Authority and the Vermin and Noxious Weeds Destruction Board, and to abolish those bodies;

(b) to provide a framework for a land management system and to make necessary administrative, financial and enforcement provisions;

(c) to establish a system of land management co-operative agreements;

to make consequential amendments to various Acts.

For the most current laws always check the Victorian Law Today Library.

You may also be interested in the Conservation, Forests and Lands Act 1987.

The objects of this Act are—

(a) to make provision, in respect of national parks, State parks, marine national parks and marine sanctuaries—

(i) for the preservation and protection of the natural environment including wilderness areas and remote and natural areas in those parks;

(ii) for the protection and preservation of indigenous flora and fauna and of features of scenic or archaeological, ecological, geological, historic or other scientific interest in those parks; and

(iii) for the study of ecology, geology, botany, zoology and other sciences relating to the conservation of the natural environment in those parks; and

(iv) for the responsible management of the land in those parks;

(aa) to make further provision in respect of designated water supply catchment areas in national parks—

(i) for the protection of those areas; and

(ii) for the maintenance of the water quality and otherwise for the protection of the water resources in those areas; and

(iii) for the restriction of human activity in those areas for the purposes of subparagraphs (i) and (ii);

(ab) to make provision in respect of wilderness parks—

(i) for the protection, enhancement and management of those parks as wilderness so as to maximise the extent to which those parks are undisturbed by the influences of the European settlement of Australia; and

(ii) for the protection, preservation and evolution of the natural environment including indigenous flora and fauna and of features of ecological, geological, scenic, archaeological and other scientific significance; and

(iii) for the use and enjoyment of those parks by the public for inspiration, solitude and appropriate self-reliant recreation; and

(iv) for the study of ecology, geology, botany, zoology archaeology and other sciences relating to the environment in those parks;

(b) in respect of parks described in Schedule Three—

(i) to make provision, insofar as is appropriate to each such park, for the protection and preservation of indigenous flora and fauna and of features of scenic or archaeological, ecological, historic or other scientific interest; and

(ii) subject to such provision as is made under subparagraph (i), to make provision for the public to observe, experience or otherwise become acquainted in those parks with the countryside and rural skills activities and pursuits and for carrying on, in those parks and for those purposes, agricultural, horticultural, or other agrarian projects and botanical, biological, ecological, geological, zoological, or other scientific studies or projects; and

(c) to make provision in accordance with the foregoing for the use of parks by the public for the purposes of enjoyment, recreation or education and for the encouragement and control of that use.

For the most current laws always check the Victorian Law Today Library.

The Crown Land (Reserves) Act 1978 is an act to provide for the reservation of Crown Lands for certain purposes and for the management of such reserved lands and for other purposes.

For the most current laws always check the Victorian Law Today Library.

The Land Act 1958 is an Act to consolidate the law relating to the sale and occupation of Crown Lands.

For the most current laws always check the Victorian Law Today Library.

You may also be interested in

Land Act 1958 (PDF File - 1.1 MB)

The objective of these Regulations is to provide for the management of State Game Reserves established under the Wildlife Act 1975.

For the most current laws always check the Victorian Law Today Library.


Regulations and Acts

+ Expand all- Collapse all

The objectives of these Regulations are—

(a) to provide for the management and conservation of wildlife and wildlife habitat; and

(b) to provide for humane use of and access to wildlife; and

(c) to make further provision in relation to the licensing system established by section 22 of the Wildlife Act 1975; and

(d) to prescribe fees, offences, royalties and various other matters for the purposes of the Wildlife Act 1975; and

(e) to provide for exemptions from certain provisions of the Wildlife Act 1975.

For the most current laws always check the Victorian Law Today Library.

The hunting of game is administered by the Wildlife (Game) Regulations 2012.

The objectives of these regulations are-

(a) to provide for effective management of game species and game hunting in Victoria;

(b) to make further provisions for the procedure for granting and administering game licences;

(c) to make further provisions for open and close seasons and bag limits;

(d) to regulate methods of hunting;

(e) to provide for the identification, posession and use of game;

(f) to make further provisions for specified hunting areas.

For the most current laws always check the Victorian Law Today Library.

The sustainable use of wildlife is provided for under the Wildlife Act 1975.

The purposes of this act are:

(a) to establish procedures in order to promote-

  • the protection and conservation of wildlife; and
  • the prevention of taxa of wildlife from becoming extinct; and
  • the sustainable use and access to wildlife; and

(b) to prohibit and regulate the conduct of persons engaged in activities concerning or relating to wildlife.

For the most current laws always check the Victorian Law Today Library.

The Game Management Authority Act 2014 establishes the Game Management Authority (GMA) and makes amendments to the Wildlife Act 1975 to enable the GMA to perform its regulatory functions.

The main purposes of this Act are:

(a) to establish the Game Management Authority; and

(b) to make amendments to the Wildlife Act 1975 to enable the Game Management Authority to perform or exercise regulatory functions or powers under that Act; and

(c) to make consequential and miscellaneous amendments to the Conservation, Forests and Lands Act 1987, the Wildlife Act 1975 and other Acts.

Objectives of the Authority

The objectives of the Authority are:

(a) to promote sustainability and responsibility in game hunting in Victoria; and

(b) to perform its functions as set out in section 6 and exercise its powers in such a manner as it considers best achieves those functions.

Functions of the GMA

The functions of the Authority are:

(a) to perform the regulatory, investigative and disciplinary functions conferred on the Authority by or under this Act or any relevant law; and

(b) to administer the scheme for issuing game licences under the Wildlife Act 1975 in relation to hunting, taking or destroying game; and

(c) to promote and monitor compliance with this Act or any relevant law in relation to game hunting; and

(d) to investigate compliance with this Act and any relevant law in relation to game hunting; and

(e) to develop operational plans and procedures addressing—

(i) the sustainable hunting of game animals; and

(ii) the humane treatment of animals that are hunted or used in hunting; and

(iii) strategies to minimise any negative impact on non-game wildlife, including protected and threatened wildlife; and

(iv) the conservation of wildlife habitats; and

(f) to work with public land managers to improve the management of public land and facilities on public land where hunting is permitted; and

(g) to promote sustainability and responsibility in game hunting; and

(h) to monitor, conduct research and analyse the environmental, social and economic impacts of game hunting and game management; and

(i) to make recommendations to relevant Ministers in relation to—

(i) game hunting and game management; and

(ii) the control of pest animals; and

(iii) declaring public land open or closed to game hunting, open and closed seasons and bag limits; and

(iv) the management of public and private land as it relates to game and their habitat.

For the most current laws always check the Victorian Law Today Library.

The purpose of this Act is to—

(a) prevent cruelty to animals; and

(b) to encourage the considerate treatment of animals; and

(c) to improve the level of community awareness about the prevention of cruelty to animals.

There are also two codes of practice under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1986 that apply to game hunting and game bird farms. They are:

For the most current laws always check the Victorian Law Today Library.

Firearm safety code Code of Practice for the Welfare of Animals in Hunting Spotlighting Laws

Page last updated: 21 Jun 2022